Sunday, August 17, 2008

40. The Redundant Blunder

Hello, Everyone! I'm back again today with another rule concerning something we hear and read everywhere, it seems--and this one isn't peculiar only to Southerners :>)

Have you ever noticed how many times we repeat things in conversations and writings? This error is called a REDUNDANCY...or sometimes we'll hear a grammarian say, "Your remark is REDUNDANT!" Webster's defines REDUNDANT as ..." exceeding that which is necessary...excess...using more words than is needed...repetition..."

Now this kind of error is not normally a grammatical error. It is, however, an error that that weakens the impact of good writing and conversation.

So...what are some examples of this blunder? Actually, there are many being used around us all the time and most folks probably don't even realize it. Here are some examples:

One I used to hear quite often in my English classes was the following:

"Please repeat that again."

Okay. Think about it. When you say, "Repeat...again", aren't you repeating yourself? The way to improve this sentence would be to say, "Repeat that, please." Just leave out the repetitious word.

Redundancies can appear as short as two words:

1. New innovation...Just say "innovation". Including "new" with "innovation" is repetitious
2. Necessary prerequisite...Just say "prerequisite". "Necessary" is not needed.
3. Fellow colleague...Drop "fellow". "Colleague" is fine alone.

Redundancies can also appear as longer phrases:

1. We thought we had provided adequate seating with a chair for each person in attendance.
This sentence is wordy. One possible way to improve it would be to say something like this:

1. We thought we had provided adequate seating.
This time you have come straight to the point and not put your reader to sleep.

Here's another example of a longer redundant phrase:

2. Although Frank tried to keep his thoughts to himself, he suddenly thought out loud to the startled group.
Another wordy sentence. Try something like this to improve it:

2. Although Frank tried to keep his thoughts to himself, he suddenly spoke to the startled group.
Much better!

Becoming aware of redundant words and phrases will probably take some effort since we're so accustomed to hearing and seeing them, but if you work on it and stay alert, you'll greatly improve your speaking and writing.

Here are some more to think about:

REDUNDANT PHRASE EXPLANATION

absolutely certain... There's no room for doubt...It's absolute...
a.m. in the morning... If occurring in the morning, it has to be a.m...
and also... Use one word or the other...not both.
and etc... Etc. is Latin for "and so forth."
as an added bonus... If something is a bonus, it must be added.
ATM machine... ATM means Automated Teller Machine.
autobiography of my life... Aren't you writing it?
close proximity... You can't have "far" proximity. Delete "close."...
exactly the same... If something is exactly the same, it must be exact.
honest truth... If something isn't the truth, it isn't honest.
Kleenex tissue... Kleenex IS a tissue. Delete "tissue"
sum total... If you have a sum, you have a total. Delete one word.
true fact... By definition, a fact must be true. Delete "true".
Xerox copy... Xerox IS a copy. Delete "copy."



Well, that brings us to the end of today's lesson. There are many, many more examples of REDUNDANT words and phrases (and I've just used one--but here, it's for emphasis, and using them this way is occasionally acceptable if not overdone.) We'll look at some more of them later. Meanwhile, let me know if you hear any not mentioned here. I'm sure you have seen some of these in newspaper, magazine and sign ads. These types of expressions most certainly illustrate the "less is more" adage and should reinforce the necessity of our developing good writing and speaking skills.

Have a great week, enjoy doing lots of fun things, and remember that I love hearing from you. Peace and happiness to all! GG

148 comments:

Jeff said...

Greetings!
I work with Michael on OTH. I enjoy reading and the quirks of the English language. I am happy to have found your blog and look forward to reading your past (and future!)postings.

I have a friend who, when he hears someone use a redundancy, says "you must be with the Department of Redundancy Department".

Cheers,
Jeff

Grammar Guide said...

Hey, Jeff.
Good to hear from you. Thanks for the DRD quip. How funny! Send me some good ideas when you hear them. Have a great day. GG

Anonymous said...

If you cannot say "exactly the same", can you also not say "nearly the same"?

Also, cannot the word "proximity" ever be qualified?

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Helena Oropollo said...

In you greeting "Hello, Everyone! I'm back again today", isn't 'again' redundant? If you are back, you have returned which means you are here again.;^)

Just a bit of good-natured nit-pickin'. No harm meant!

Helena

Helena Oropollo said...

'your' (oops - sorry!)

Helena Oropollo said...

Seriously though, from a listening comprehension point of view, some redundancy is useful. It gives the listener the time to take in what has been said. It gives the speaker time and space to oraganize disourse. It can be emphatic and so focus the listener's attention. However, like everything, it needs to be used unredundantly.:o)

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In your example

2. Although Frank tried to keep his thoughts to himself, he suddenly thought out loud to the startled group.
Another wordy sentence. Try something like this to improve it:

2. Although Frank tried to keep his thoughts to himself, he suddenly spoke to the startled group.
Much better!

isn't there a difference in thinking out loud and speaking? I would consider thinking out loud as unintentional. To get that point across, I think 'thought out loud' is 'more better!' Have you heard that phrase? If so, you aren't the 'onliest' one!

Do you have to teach children from Crusoe Island, or do they not allow them to mix with outsiders?

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English Grammar World said...
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MIKE HUMM said...

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